Category: Tax (page 1 of 11)

Tax season 2019: What can you expect?

SARS recently released two media statements, in which it notes several improvements made to eFiling for the 2019 tax season, including the issue of customised notices indicating specific documents required in the event of an audit or verification and a simulated outcome issued before a taxpayer has filed.

What is the tax season?

Tax season is the period in which individual taxpayers file their income tax returns to ensure that their affairs are in order. Although the majority of taxpayers who earn a salary have already paid tax through monthly pay-as-you-earn tax (PAYE), which was deducted from their salary by their employer and paid over to SARS, employees may still have an obligation to file a tax return if they earn above the filing threshold (see in more detail below). Once SARS reconciles what was paid over by the employer with what a taxpayer declares on their tax return, an assessment is issued which may result in the taxpayer needing to pay an additional tax to SARS, or is due a refund, or neither.

Taxpayers who are natural persons and meet all of the following criteria need not submit a tax return for the 2019 filing season:

  • Your total employment income for the year before tax is not more than R500 000;
  • Your remuneration is paid from one employer or one source (if you changed jobs during the tax year, or have more than one employer or income source, you must file);
  • You have no car or travel allowance, a company car fringe benefit, which is considered as additional income;
  • You do not have any other form of income such as interest, rental income or extra money from a side business; and
  • Employees tax (i.e. PAYE) has been deducted or withheld

Although you are not required to submit a tax return if you meet the above criteria, it is always good practice to ensure that you have a complete filing history with SARS. If your tax records do ever become important in future (such as in the case of remission of penalties, tax clearance certificates, etc.), you do not want to be in a position to have to prove that you were not liable to file a return in a particular year. The administrative burden in the current year certainly outweighs the potential issues down the line.

Important filing dates

  • eFiling opens on 1 July 2019 and closes on 4 December 2019.
  • Manual filing at branches opens on 1 August 2019 and closes 31 October 2019.
  • Provisional taxpayers have until 31 January 2020 to file via eFiling.

There is already a steady increase in the number of taxpayers in queues at SARS branches – it is therefore advised that you engage with your tax practitioner as soon as possible, to plan for tax season 2019.

Feel free to contact us should you have any questions or require assistance.

 

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice.  Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

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Belasting op buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomstes

Artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) bied verligting aan belastingbetalers deur nie op buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste (“employment income”) belas te word nie aangesien die buitelandse maatskappy reeds LBS / belasting op daardie inkomste aftrek. Daar is egter sommige lande waar hul eie belastingwette bepaal dat geen belasting op buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste afgetrek word nie. Die effek daarvan is dat sekere individue dan effektief geen belasting in enige land betaal nie.

Artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) is gevolglik hersien en die wysigings waaroor almal gons tree effektief 1 Maart 2020 in werking. Ingevolge die wysigings sal slegs die eerste R1 miljoen van buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste vrygestel wees van belasting. Enige buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste van meer as R1 miljoen sal in Suid-Afrika belas word deur die normale individuele belastingtabelle toe te pas. Die effektiewe belastingkoers sal bepaal word met verwysing na die totale wêreldwye inkomste en geagte inkomste, verminder met die eerste R1 miljoen ten opsigte van buitelandse inkomste uit indiensneming.

Artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) vrystelling

Die vrystelling is slegs van toepassing indien –

  • die werknemer gedurende enige 12 maande tydperk vir meer as 183 volledige dae in totaal buite Suid-Afrika was; en
  • hierdie tydperk ’n aaneenlopende tydperk van afwesigheid van minstens 60 volledige dae binne daardie 12 maande insluit; en
  • die dienste gedurende die tydperk van afwesigheid uit Suid-Afrika gelewer word; en
  • die dienste gelewer is vir of namens ’n werkgewer wat binne of buite Suid-Arika gestasioneer is.

Dit is baie belangrik om daarop te let dat hierdie vrystelling slegs op belastingpligtiges van toepassing is wat ingevolge die Inkomstebelastingwet, soos omskryf in artikel 1, as inwoners beskou word.

Inwonerstatus

Suid-Afrika maak gebruik van ’n inwonergebaseerde belastingstelsel, wat beteken dat inwoners op hul wêreldwye inkomste belas word. Al werk jy al vir jare oorsee, maar jou tuisland is steeds Suid-Afrika, moet alle buitelandse inkomste steeds aan die Suid-Afrikaanse Inkomstediens verklaar word en die toepaslike belasting daarop afgetrek word. Ten opsigte van nie-inwoners is slegs ontvangstes en toevallings uit ’n Suid-Afrikaanse bron aan normale belasting in Suid-Afrika onderhewig.

Uit bogenoemde is dit waarskynlik dat baie buitelandse werknemers nie deur die wysigings aan artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) geraak word nie, aangesien hulle in elk geval nie as inwoners (vir Suid-Afrikaanse belastingdoeleindes) beskou word nie.

’n Belastingpligtige sal as ’n inwoner beskou word indien daar aan een van die onderstaande toetse voldoen word:

(1)   die gewoonlik woonagtig-toets; of

(2) die fisiese teenwoordigheidstoets en die persoon word nie geag uitsluitlik ’n inwoner van ’n ander land te wees vir die doeleindes van enige dubbelbelastingooreenkoms nie.

’n Persoon wat ingevolge ’n dubbelbelastingooreenkoms tussen die land waarin hul werk en Suid-Afrika as ’n uitsluitlike inwoner van die ander land geag word, sal nie as ’n inwoner van Suid-Afrika kwalifiseer nie, selfs al voldoen die persoon aan die voorvereistes om as ’n inwoner te kwalifiseer.

Finansiële emigrasie (FE)

’n Algemene wanpersepsie om nie as ’n inwoner geag te word nie, is om finansieel uit Suid-Afrika te emigreer. FE is nie ’n voorvereiste om vir belastingdoeleindes te emigreer nie en dit veroorsaak of waarborg ook nie dat ’n persoon na FE ’n nie-inwonerstatus sal bekom nie.

FE is ’n formele aansoek aan die Suid Afrikaanse Reserwe Bank om ’n nie-inwoner te word vir ruilbeheerdoeleindes (exchange control purposes).

Indien ’n persoon wél finansieel emigreer het kan dit hul saak versterk dat hul nie aan die gewoonlik woonagtig-toets voldoen nie, en dus as nie-inwoner geag moet word.

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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Value-Added remarks on Value-Added Tax (VAT)

VAT is an integral part of our economic society and is something that influences everyone, especially businesses in South Africa.  In this article, we will discuss a few do’s and don’ts regarding VAT.

  1. Valid tax invoices

In South Africa’s current tax system, vendors that are registered for VAT are allowed a deduction for the tax they pay on eligible goods or services (input tax) from the tax you collect on the sales made (output tax). Tax invoices are therefore very important to vendors as failure to provide valid documentation during VAT audits will cause the vendor to lose all the input tax being claimed on the invoice. The following requirements will overcome the challenges that may be encountered because of SARS scrutinising the validity of VAT invoices.

When the tax invoices exceed R5 000, a full tax invoice needs to be provided. For invoices of R5 000 or below they may issue an abridged tax invoice. There will be no tax invoice needed if the consideration is R50 or less. However, documents such as a sales docket or till slip will be necessary to verify the input tax deducted.

As from 8 January 2016, the following information must be reflected on a tax invoice for it to be considered valid:

  1. Contains the words “Tax Invoice”, “VAT Invoice” or “Invoice”
  2. Name, address and VAT registration number of the supplier
  3. Serial number and date of issue of invoice
  4. Accurate description of goods and/or services (indicating where applicable that the goods are second-hand goods)
  5. Value of the supply, the amount of tax charged and the consideration of the supply
  6. Name, address and where the recipient is a vendor, the recipient’s VAT registration number
  7. Quantity or volume of goods or services supplied

Note that an abridged tax invoice will only need to meet criteria 1 to 5, whereas the full tax invoice (tax invoices exceeding R5 000) must meet all criteria.

  1. When to declare output VAT/claim input VAT

The date on which VAT becomes due on a transaction is the earliest of either the payment date or the invoice date. For example, if a payment is received in advance of the invoice issued for the supply, the VAT will be due on the date of receipt of payment. It is important to note that output VAT should be declared in the period in which the invoice has been issued or the payment has been received. With regards to input VAT, here the 5-year rule applies.

This rule provides that any amount of input tax which was deductible and has not yet been deducted can be claimed in a following period but is limited to a tax period 5 years after which the tax invoice should have been issued.

  1. Overpayments by the customer

When a vendor receives an overpayment from a customer, that vendor will not declare VAT on the overpayment. If a vendor fails to refund the overpayment within 4 months of the date of the invoice, the excess amount is deemed to be a consideration and therefore output VAT should be declared on the last day of the VAT period during which the 4-month period ends at a tax fraction of 15/115.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice.  Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

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Changes regarding payroll taxes

The South African Revenue Service (“SARS”) has recently made changes with regards to the management of payroll taxes in order for employers to more effectively manage their own accounts by way of a number of functions and tools.

SARS states that the aim of these changes is to allow employers to ensure that all their necessary payroll filings are correctly reflected, payments have been correctly allocated and that all charges to their accounts such as adjustments, interest and penalties have been correctly calculated and recorded.

The most recent changes include changes to the statement of account (“SOA”) which were introduced on 26 April 2019. These changes followed complaints by employers of errors on these accounts.

The purpose of the SOA is to reflect the balance and detailed transactions for a tax year with regards to Pay-As-You-Earn (“PAYE”), the Skills Development Levy, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and the Employer Tax Incentive (“ETI”) in order to allow for employers to complete their Employer Reconciliation Declaration bi-annually.

In order to make the SOA more clear and comprehensible, SARS made changes to the manner in which financial information is being displayed. In this regard, enhanced descriptions were included for liability and non-liability transactions. Also, all liability transactions are now grouped together and sorted in transaction date order. The exemption to this is any non-financial transactions with a date earlier than the first day of the period under consideration.

In order to identify payments and to better reconcile them with the employer’s bank statements, the SOA now also makes provision for receipt numbers for payments and journals.

Furthermore, ETI transactions (which have no impact on the PAYE account) are now grouped together and reflected at the bottom of the SOA.

In addition to the above, employers previously had to request SARS to make payment reallocations and corrections on their behalf. The monthly employer declaration (“EMP201”) and payment reference number (“PRN”) system was introduced to allow employers to amend their declarations and payments themselves. This tool also allows employers to identify and follow-up on incorrect or missing transactions using the consolidated employer SOA and query function as well as to correct unallocated payments.

Employers also have access to their financial accounts online to view and query transactions processed against their accounts in real-time. SARS also allows for a case management system where employers will be able to log queries, they are unable to resolve themselves and to monitor and track SARS’ progress with regards to the query logged.

With the annual employer reconciliations submission deadline now at 31 May 2019, employers are encouraged to use all these amended functions and tools to submit accurate information and to manage their payroll taxes more effectively in the future.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice.  Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

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Belasting op buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomstes (“Expat tax”)

Artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) bied verligting aan belastingbetalers deur nie op buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste (“employment income”) belas te word nie aangesien die buitelandse maatskappy reeds LBS / belasting op daardie inkomste aftrek. Daar is egter sommige lande waar hul eie belastingwette bepaal dat geen belasting op buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste afgetrek word nie. Die effek daarvan is dat sekere individue dan effektief geen belasting in enige land betaal nie.

Artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) is gevolglik hersien en die wysigings waaroor almal gons tree effektief 1 Maart 2020 in werking. Ingevolge die wysigings sal slegs die eerste R1 miljoen van buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste vrygestel wees van belasting. Enige buitelandse indiensnemingsinkomste van meer as R1 miljoen sal in Suid-Afrika belas word deur die normale individuele belastingtabelle toe te pas. Die effektiewe belastingkoers sal bepaal word met verwysing na die totale wêreldwye inkomste en geagte inkomste, verminder met die eerste R1 miljoen ten opsigte van buitelandse inkomste uit indiensneming.

Artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) vrystelling

Die vrystelling is slegs van toepassing indien –

  • die werknemer gedurende enige 12 maande tydperk vir meer as 183 volledige dae in totaal buite Suid-Afrika was; en
  • hierdie tydperk ’n aaneenlopende tydperk van afwesigheid van minstens 60 volledige dae binne daardie 12 maande insluit; en
  • die dienste gedurende die tydperk van afwesigheid uit Suid-Afrika gelewer word; en
  • die dienste gelewer is vir of namens ’n werkgewer wat binne of buite Suid-Arika gestasioneer is.

Dit is baie belangrik om daarop te let dat hierdie vrystelling slegs op belastingpligtiges van toepassing is wat ingevolge die Inkomstebelastingwet, soos omskryf in artikel 1, as inwoners beskou word.

Inwonerstatus

Suid-Afrika maak gebruik van ’n inwonergebaseerde belastingstelsel, wat beteken dat inwoners op hul wêreldwye inkomste belas word. Al werk jy al vir jare oorsee, maar jou tuisland is steeds Suid-Afrika, moet alle buitelandse inkomste steeds aan die Suid-Afrikaanse Inkomstediens verklaar word en die toepaslike belasting daarop afgetrek word. Ten opsigte van nie-inwoners is slegs ontvangstes en toevallings uit ’n Suid-Afrikaanse bron aan normale belasting in Suid-Afrika onderhewig. Uit bogenoemde is dit waarskynlik dat baie buitelandse werknemers nie deur die wysigings aan artikel 10(1)(o)(ii) geraak word nie, aangesien hulle in elk geval nie as inwoners (vir Suid-Afrikaanse belastingdoeleindes) beskou word nie.  ’n Belastingpligtige sal as ’n inwoner beskou word indien daar aan een van die onderstaande toetse voldoen word: (1)   die gewoonlik woonagtig-toets; of(2)   die fisiese teenwoordigheidstoets en die persoon word nie geag uitsluitlik ’n inwoner van ’n ander land te wees vir die doeleindes van enige dubbelbelastingooreenkoms nie. ’n Persoon wat ingevolge ’n dubbelbelastingooreenkoms tussen die land waarin hul werk en Suid-Afrika as ’n uitsluitlike inwoner van die ander land geag word, sal nie as ’n inwoner van Suid-Afrika kwalifiseer nie, selfs al voldoen die persoon aan die voorvereistes om as ’n inwoner te kwalifiseer.

Finansiële emigrasie (FE)

’n Algemene wanpersepsie om nie as ’n inwoner geag te word nie, is om finansieel uit Suid-Afrika te emigreer. FE is nie ’n voorvereiste om vir belastingdoeleindes te emigreer nie en dit veroorsaak of waarborg ook nie dat ’n persoon na FE ’n nie-inwonerstatus sal bekom nie. FE is ’n formele aansoek aan die Suid Afrikaanse Reserwe Bank om ’n nie-inwoner te word vir ruilbeheerdoeleindes (exchange control purposes). Indien ’n persoon wél finansieel emigreer het kan dit hul saak versterk dat hul nie aan die gewoonlik woonagtig-toets voldoen nie, en dus as nie-inwoner geag moet word.

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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Sale of shares: Income vs revenue – Back to first principles

The distinction between amounts of a capital nature as opposed to a revenue (or income) nature is essential, and over the years, few other topics have enjoyed so much attention in our tax courts. Although most taxpayers appreciate this distinction, it is essential to revisit the core principles from time to time, to ensure that taxpayers are not caught off-guard when accounting for the tax on the sale of shares.

Non-capital amounts are subject to tax at a higher effective rate compared to capital profits. The difference arises from the annual exclusion that applies to capital gains for natural persons, and the inclusion rate applied to it. In the case of natural persons, the maximum effective rate for capital gains is 18% (compared to 45% on revenue gains); companies are taxed at 22.4% (compared to 28%) and trusts at 36% (compared to 45%).

The departure point for the analysis is how long a person has held the shares. In terms of 9C of the Income Tax Act, 58 of 1962 (the Act), where shares have been held for a period of at least three years, the amount received in respect of the share sale will automatically be deemed to be of a capital nature. Consequently, any gain would constitute a capital gain. Section 9C does not require an election, and its application is automatic and compulsory. Importantly, profits on the disposal of shares held for less than three years is not automatically of a revenue nature. The nature of such profits must be determined using the general capital versus revenue principles. Apart from the three-year holding rule in section 9C, the Act does not provide objective factors to distinguish between capital and revenue gains on share disposals. General principles for making this distinction have been formulated in courts over many years.

A person’s intention (both at the stage of purchase and disposal) is the essential factor in determining the nature of profits. If shares were acquired with mixed intentions (bought partly to sell at a profit and partly to hold as an investment), the person’s intention would be determined by the dominant or main purpose. South African courts have held that a taxpayer’s evidence as to intention must be tested against the surrounding circumstances of the case, which include, amongst other things, the frequency of transactions, method of funding and reasons for selling.

Where shares have been purchased and sold as part of a profit-making scheme, gains will be regarded as revenue in nature. In this regard, although not conclusive, the frequency and scale of share transactions is an important consideration. Where shares are bought regularly for the main purpose of resale at a profit, it will be regarded as trading stock and profits will be revenue in nature. An occasional sale of shares yielding a profit suggests that a person is not a share trader engaged in a scheme of profit-making. Where profits have been made through the mere realisation of investment, there is no scheme of profit-making. Although it is possible that a once-off venture involving the acquisition of shares can comprise a venture resulting in the shares becoming trading stock, the “slightest contemplation of a profitable resale” is not necessarily determinative for a gain to be revenue in nature.

Profits on the disposal of shares acquired for long-term capital growth and dividend income will more likely be capital in nature. Shares sold for a profit very soon after the acquisition is, in most cases, an indication of the potential revenue nature of those profits. However, that measure loses a great deal of its importance when there has been some intervening act, for example, a forced sale of shares.

Taxpayers are encouraged to take careful note of the distinction between income and capital gains since a different interpretation by SARS could result in a lengthy (and costly) dispute.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice.  Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

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Value-added Remarks on Value-added Tax (VAT)

VAT is an integral part of our economic society and is something that influences everyone, especially businesses in South Africa.  In this article, we will discuss a few do’s and don’ts regarding VAT.

  1. Valid tax invoices

In South Africa’s current tax system, vendors that are registered for VAT are allowed a deduction for the tax they pay on eligible goods or services (input tax) from the tax you collect on the sales made (output tax). Tax invoices are therefore very important to vendors as failure to provide valid documentation during VAT audits will cause the vendor to lose all the input tax being claimed on the invoice. The following requirements will overcome the challenges that may be encountered because of SARS scrutinising the validity of VAT invoices.

When the tax invoices exceed R5 000, a full tax invoice needs to be provided. For invoices of R5 000 or below they may issue an abridged tax invoice. There will be no tax invoice needed if the consideration is R50 or less. However, documents such as a sales docket or till slip will be necessary to verify the input tax deducted.

As from 8 January 2016, the following information must be reflected on a tax invoice for it to be considered valid:

  1. Contains the words “Tax Invoice”, “VAT Invoice” or “Invoice”
  2. Name, address and VAT registration number of the supplier
  3. Serial number and date of issue of invoice
  4. Accurate description of goods and/or services (indicating where applicable that the goods are second-hand goods)
  5. Value of the supply, the amount of tax charged and the consideration of the supply
  6. Name, address and where the recipient is a vendor, the recipient’s VAT registration number
  7. Quantity or volume of goods or services supplied

Note that an abridged tax invoice will only need to meet criteria 1 to 5, whereas the full tax invoice (tax invoices exceeding R5 000) must meet all criteria.

  1. When to declare output VAT/claim input VAT

The date on which VAT becomes due on a transaction is the earliest of either the payment date or the invoice date. For example, if a payment is received in advance of the invoice issued for the supply, the VAT will be due on the date of receipt of payment. It is important to note that output VAT should be declared in the period in which the invoice has been issued or the payment has been received. With regards to input VAT, here the 5-year rule applies.

This rule provides that any amount of input tax which was deductible and has not yet been deducted can be claimed in a following period but is limited to a tax period 5 years after which the tax invoice should have been issued.

  1. Overpayments by the customer

When a vendor receives an overpayment from a customer, that vendor will not declare VAT on the overpayment. If a vendor fails to refund the overpayment within 4 months of the date of the invoice, the excess amount is deemed to be a consideration and therefore output VAT should be declared on the last day of the VAT period during which the 4-month period ends at a tax fraction of 15/115.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice.  Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

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NUWE INDIENINGVEREISTES VIR INSOLVENTE BELASTINGBETALERS

Die Suid-Afrikaanse Inkomstediens (“die SAID”) het onlangs nuwe prosedures uiteengesit met betrekking tot die proses rondom die indiening van inkomstebelastingopgawes wat verband hou met insolvensie. Die verstekposisie is dat waar die boedel van ’n persoon gesekwestreer word, moet ’n afsonderlike opgawe ingedien word vir die tydperk wat begin op die eerste dag van daardie jaar van aanslag en eindig op die datum wat die datum van sekwestrasie voorafgaan. ’n Verdere opgawe word benodig vir die tydperk wat begin op die datum van sekwestrasie en eindig op die laaste dag van daardie jaar van aanslag (en daaropvolgende jare van aanslag totdat die boedel uiteindelik gelikwideer is). In wese is dus drie afsonderlike belastingbetalers aanspreeklik vir belasting, naamlik:

  • Die insolvente persoon vir die tydperk voor insolvensie (dit wil sê, tot die datum wat die datum van sekwestrasie voorafgaan);
  • Die insolvente boedel (’n nuwe entiteit vir belastingdoeleindes vanaf die datum van sekwestrasie); en
  • Die insolvente persoon vir die tydperk op en na die datum van sekwestrasie.

Die SAID dui aan dat die nuwe vereistes: “in lyn is met die strategiese doelwitte van die SAID, verhoogde belastingaanspreeklikheid en die toenemende gerief en billikheid rakende die doen van sake met die SAID, en om aan wetlike vereistes te voldoen, is veranderinge aan die huidige prosesse nodig ten opsigte van registrasie, instandhouding en die bestuur van die status van ’n insolvente individu en boedel”.

Vanaf 25 Januarie 2019 moet individuele belastingbetalers wat vrywillig of verpligtend gesekwestreer word, inkomstebelastingopgawes op die volgende wyse indien:

  • Insolvente individu – Die belastingverwysingsnommer wat voor sekwestrasie gebruik is, sal gesluit wees en kan nie voortaan meer gebruik word nie. Enige inkomstebelastingopgawes wat uitstaande is voor die datum van sekwestrasie, moet ingedien word deur gebruik te maak van die inkomstebelastingverwysingsnommer wat gebruik is voordat u insolvent verklaar is;
  • Insolvente boedel – Die trustee van ’n insolvente boedel moet aansoek doen om ’n belastingverwysingsnommer vir die insolvente boedel. Die nuwe belastingverwysingsnommer sal dan gebruik word vir enige interaksies met die SAID vanaf die datum van sekwestrasie tot aan die einde van die laaste dag van daardie jaar van aanslag; en
  • Individu na-insolvensie – U moet aansoek doen vir ’n nuwe inkomstebelastingverwysingsnommer sodra u insolvent verklaar is ten einde met die SAID te kommunikeer ten opsigte van belasting waarvoor u aanspreeklik mag wees en opgawes wat u moet indien.

Die boedel van die persoon voor sekwestrasie en die persoon se insolvente boedel word egter geag een en dieselfde persoon vir sekere doeleindes te wees, byvoorbeeld die bepaling van die aftrekkings en kortings waarop die insolvente boedel geregtig is en die bepaling van ’n belasbare kapitaalwins of aangeslane kapitaalverlies in die insolvente boedel. Dit beteken ook dat daar geen beskikking vir kapitaalwinsbelastingdoeleindes is wanneer die bates van die insolvente persoon na die insolvente boedel oorgedra word nie.

Soos blyk uit bogenoemde, is die belastinghantering (beide wesenlik en prosedureel) van insolvensie ingewikkeld, en belastingbetalers word aangeraai om professionele bystand te kry wanneer hulle hul belastingsake tydens insolvensie hanteer.

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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DEREGISTRASIE VAN OMSETBELASTING

Die Sesde Skedule van die Wet op Inkomstebelasting[1] detailleer die werking van die omsetbelastingstelsel wat op mikrobesighede van toepassing is. Omsetbelasting is ’n opsionele stelsel (met voorkeur-belastingkoerse) en is in wese ’n vereenvoudigde belastingstelsel wat beskikbaar is vir mikrobesighede (besighede met ’n kwalifiserende omset van R1 miljoen of minder). Die Sesde Skedule handel oor persone wat kwalifiseer as mikrobesighede (wat natuurlike persone insluit), die toelaatbare aandele en belange wat die mikrobesighede mag besit en wat belasbare omset en uitsluitings daarvan, uitmaak. Alhoewel die stelsel wyd gebruik word, is daar ’n toenemende aantal belastingbetalers vir wie die stelsel nie meer optimaal is nie, en wat wil deregistreer en onderhewig wees aan die “normale belastingstelsel”.

Ingevolge paragraaf 9 van die Sesde Skedule is daar twee gronde waarop ’n persoon vir omsetbelasting gederegistreer kan word:

  1. Vrywillige deregistrasie

Vrywillige deregistrasie vind plaas wanneer die eienaar van ’n geregistreerde mikrobesigheid verkies om onder die “normale belastingstelsel” belas te word en kies om te deregistreer vir die omsetbelastingstelsel. ’n Vrywillige deregistrasie is toelaatbaar indien die belastingpligtige voor of aan die einde van ’n jaar van aanslag (28 of 29 Februarie) skriftelik kennis gee aan die Kommissaris. Deregistrasie sal van krag wees vanaf die begin van die volgende jaar van aanslag. Byvoorbeeld, ’n geregistreerde mikrobesigheid wat gekies het om te deregistreer vir die omsetbelastingstelsel deur op 21 Januarie 2019 ’n kennisgewing by die Kommissaris in te dien, sal met ingang 1 Maart 2019 (dit wil sê die belastingjaar 2020) gederegistreer word. Daar is tans geen voorgeskrewe vorm wat vir die kennisgewing gebruik moet word nie en daar word aanbeveel dat belastingbetalers hul naaste SAID-tak besoek en ’n formele versoek indien om te deregistreer (of hul belastingpraktisyn om hulp nader).

  1. Verpligte deregistrasie

Verpligte deregistrasie sal plaasvind indien ’n geregistreerde mikrobesigheid nie meer kwalifiseer om as sodanig geregistreer te wees nie. Twee faktore kan ’n verpligte deregistrasie noodsaak, naamlik

  1. as die kwalifiserende omset wat deur die mikrobesigheid verkry word uit besigheidsaktiwiteite gedurende ’n jaar van aanslag, die drempel van R1 miljoen oorskry of waarskynlik sal oorskry en die besigheid nie kan aantoon dat dit ’n nominale en tydelike gebeurtenis sal wees nie; of
  2. die persoon gediskwalifiseer word op grond van die bron van sy omset (byvoorbeeld professionele dienste) of die beleggings wat hy het.

’n Geregistreerde mikrobesigheid wat onderhewig is aan verpligte deregistrasie moet die SAID binne 21 dae vanaf die datum waarop dit nie meer as ’n mikrobesigheid kwalifiseer nie, in kennis stel. Versuim om die SAID in kennis te stel kan lei tot boetes wat teen die belastingpligtige gehef word.

Belastingbetalers moet ook onthou dat deregistrasie vir omsetbelasting ander administratiewe vereistes kan hê waaraan aandag gegee moet word, byvoorbeeld heroorweging van sy BTW-posisie, inkomstebelastingposisie, voorlopige belasting en ander nakoming.

[1] No. 58 van 1962

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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TAX IMPLICATIONS OF THE VARIATION OF EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS

On 6 November 2018, the South African Revenue Service (“SARS”) issued a binding private ruling (“BPR 312”) in accordance with sections 78(1) and 87(2) of the Tax Administration Act.[1] This ruling set out the tax implications of varying employment contracts.

Here the applicant (a resident company) previously entered a profit share arrangement with Mr X, who was entitled to nominate certain employees (of two 100% held subsidiaries of the applicant) to also benefit from this arrangement. The parties subsequently entered into a cancellation agreement to terminate the profit share arrangement and to allow for certain payments to be made by the subsidiaries to the nominee employees.

Although the payments (and the subsequent tax implications thereof in terms of the Income Tax Act[2]) seems standard for this type of agreement, the ruling neatly confirms these implications of each of these payments for both the subsidiaries and the employees.

Firstly, the subsidiaries would pay a pre-determined cancellation fee to the affected employees as compensation for cancelling the profit share arrangement, including payments to other employees pursuant to the cancellation agreement even though they were not applicants to the ruling or parties to the cancellation agreement. The ruling confirmed that both these payments were deductible for income tax purposes under the general deduction formula.[3]

Secondly, a cash portion was retained by the applicant to be released to Mr X in August 2021. This amount was treated as security for Mr X to comply with certain obligations he had in terms of these agreements. The cash portion will be forfeited if Mr X is dismissed prior to the date of release.

SARS confirmed that the cash portion was a pre-payment subject to section 23H in the hands of the applicant.  Also, that both the cancellation fee and the retained cash portion should be included in the employees’ gross income.[4] Mr X will, however, qualify for a tax deduction should the amount be forfeited in terms of section 11(nA), which allows for a deduction of any voluntary award received by virtue of employment that was included in taxable income but is subsequently refunded.

Lastly, the cancellation agreement made provision for agreements that allowed for restraint of trade payments to be made to certain employees. The subsidiaries could deduct these amounts in terms of section 11(cA) while these payments were to be included in their gross income in terms of paragraph (cB) of the definition of “gross income” in section 1.

[1] No. 28 of 2011.

[2] No. 58 of 1962. Any subsequent references to “sections” are to the sections of this Act.

[3] Section 11(a) read with section 23(g).

[4] Paragraph (d) of the definition of “gross income” in section 1 which specifically allow for a payment as a result of a variation of employment.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice.  Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

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